Personality inventory scales and categories

The Myers-Briggs assesses where we place on the following four scales:




(Finish Oriented)<———–>(Process Oriented)

The four scales above allow for a possible 16 combinations with variations within any one category depending on the placement or strength in any one scale. David Kiersey’s work distilled these 16 categories down to four (SJ, SP, NF and NT, as described on Personality Types: Myers-Briggs Personality Inventory). In the late 1970s, Don Lowry began working with Kiersey‘s research and developed a system using color to identify these four groups, making the concept more accessible for practical application in a work, school, family, or clinical environment.

True Colors Myers-Briggs Categories

Gold: SJ

Includes: ISTJ, ESFJ, ISFJ, and ESTJ

Orange: SP

Includes ESTP, ISFP, ESFP, and ISTP

Blue: NF

Includes: INFJ, INFP, ENFP, and ENFJ

Green: NT


Click here for descriptions of each of these groups.

Excerpted from Creating Emotionally Safe Schools, by Dr. Jane Bluestein (Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, Inc, 2001)

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Related resources:

Myers-Briggs Personality Types (descriptions of categories)
The Animal School

Children at Risk: Common characteristics and family patterns
Conditions with ADHD “Look-Alike” Symptoms
The “Ideal” Student: The students we were taught to teach
I’m Hyperactive, You’re Hyperactive
Increasing Success for All Students
Literacy: What’s Movement Got to Do with It?
Ways to Reach More Students
Multiple Intelligences
Some Kids (Really Do) Study Better When…
Water and the Body


Book: Becoming a Win-Win Teacher
Book: Creating Emotionally Safe Schools
Book: The Win-Win Classroom

Audio: Practical Strategies for Working Successfully with Difficult Students

Video: Emotional Safety and Learning Styles


The Fragile Learner: Reaching and teaching struggling students, with Hanoch McCarty, with Hanoch McCarty
The Inclusive Teacher: Success with ADD and ADHD students, with Margit Crane
Movement and Learning: A partnering relationship, with Aili Pogust


Creating Emotionally Safe Schools: Is Your School an Emotionally Safe Place?
Dealing with Difficult Students: Practical Strategies for Success with Defiant, Defeated, and other At-Risk Kids
The ‘I-Can’ Classroom: Building for Success and Achievement for ALL Students 
“My Brain Doesn’t Work Like That”: Creating Success with Non-Traditional Learners by Accommodating Learning Differences
The Win-Win Classroom: A Fresh and Positive Look at Classroom Management

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